And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.
~ Revelation 21:9
For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called. For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God. For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD. He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled. For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.
~ Isaiah 54:5-7, Hosea 2:19-20, John 3:29, 2 Corinthians 11:2
And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of his people: for they shall be as the stones of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land. Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
~ Zechariah 9:16, Isaiah 62:3, Revelation 21:14
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
~ Genesis 1:3, Psalm 84:11, Revelation 21:23, Romans 13:12
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
~ Ephesians 5:32
Upon Revelation 12:1, by James Renwick. Sermon 41.
And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
~ Revelation 12:1
The works of creation are a wonder, and the works of providence; whereby God guides and governs all his creatures, and all their actions; yea, the most common of providence are a great wonder. But here is a wonder greater than any of these, a woman clothed with the sun; which here is called a wonder, yet this cannot be seen, but by a spiritual eye: for, John says here it appeared in heaven.
In speaking to this, we shall first explain the words a little; and next raise some doctrines therefrom, and prosecute the same a little.
First, And there appeared a great wonder in heaven, a woman. By this is meant the church, which is here compared to a woman; as in other places of scripture, Psalm xiv.9. Cant. vii. 1.
Secondly, she is said to be clothed with the sun, which is the righteousness of Christ, who is called, Sun of Righteousness, Mal. iv. 2. with whose righteousness all believers are clothed, for, they put on the Lord Jesus, Rom. xiii. 14.
Thirdly, she is said to have the moon under her feet; by which is meant, that Christ being now come in the flesh, and suffered for sinners, the ceremonial law was taken away: She was now freed from the yoke of ceremonies; as the sacrifices, new moons, etc., and got them under her feet: Or it may be this, that all believers in Christ get sublunary things under their feet. For, by moon here may be meant the world, and this, through grace, every believer gets under his feet.
Fourthly, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars. By stars here are meant the ministers of the church, which Christ holds on his right hand and they are said to be upon her head; which is understood, that faithful ministers are the crown and glory of a church: The number twelve here, hath a relation to the twelve apostles, whose doctrine ministers should only teach; for, believers are said to be built upon the foundation of the prophets and apostles, Eph. ii. 20.
Doctrine I. That Jesus Christ is very tender of his people.
For here he compares them to a woman, of whom he, as her husband, will take care; and this comparison is very suitable in these respects.
1. As a woman is very liable to receive injuries and wrongs; so is the church and people of God. And these they get from many hands.
2. As a woman is weak, and so cannot well either resist the wrongs done her, or resent them; so is the church weak and feeble in herself, and not able to resist her enemies, nor resent the injuries done to her: but here is comfort, Christ being her head and husband, is both mighty, and also will resent all the wrongs done her.
3. As a woman is the mother of children, so is the church; for she is said to be Christ’s mother, Cant. iii. 11, (Matthew 12:48-50). Behold King Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him! Christ is formed in believers: so every lad and lass, that closes with Christ, hath him formed in them, and puts the crown on his head (giving him all the glory of their salvation) may be his mother.
But more particularly, the church here compared to a woman, is the mother of all believers, and God is the Father; and they are begotten by the word of truth. Yet when our mother plays the harlot and forsakes her husband, all that would be accounted her true sons and take their father’s part against her, must plead with her, Hosea. ii. 1, 2. and witness against her whoredoms and defections, that she may leave them, and return to her husband. But our pleading with her must be with reverence, as with our mother: yea, when ministers, who have begotten us to Christ, by the word of truth, make defection, we must plead with them.
4. As a woman is married to her husband; so is the church married unto Christ, who is her head and husband.
Doct. II. That the church of Christ is a wonderful thing: and there appeared a great wonder in heaven, a woman.
And the church is wonderful,
1. In respect of her descent, O! she is nobly descended, God being her Father; she is called a prince’s daughter, Cant. vii. 1. How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O princes daughter! She is called the king’s daughter, who is all glorious within, Psal. 45:13.
2. She is wonderful in respect of her husband, Jesus Christ the Son of God, the Father’s delight, and the Light of the higher house. O! what a condescendency is this, that Christ, who is the matchless one infinite in all perfections, should be married to poor sinners; this makes it wonderful.
3. The church is wonderful, in respect of her privileges bestowed on her by her husband Christ: And, O! they are many. For,
(1.) She hath the privilege of protection from him: He will protect her from all evil, both of sin and misery, Psal. cxxi. 5, 6, 7. Every condition the may be in, he hath promised to keep her from the evil of it. And, O! is not this a noble privilege?
(2.) The church hath the privilege of provision from Christ, Psal. xxxiv. 10. They that seek the Lord shall not want any good thing. He will give them both spiritual food and provision to their souls in his ordinances, where they may sweetly feed, and feast upon himself, and also natural provision; yea he will give them every thing that is for their good; nor what they think so, for many a time, what they think is for their advantage is for their hurt; but he will give them what he sees for their good.
(3.) They have the privilege of correction from him, whom he loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every Son whom he receiveth, Heb, xii. 6. O! this is a noble privilege, though many times we think not so, to be corrected for our faults, and not suffered to go on in sin without rebuke. For, when we are meeting with any cross, and corrected for our sins, we would be so far from spurning at him, or quarrelling with him, that we would bless him for the same; for, to be left of the Lord, and without his corrections, is one of the saddest judgments mentioned in Scripture, Ephraim is joined to idols, let him alone, Hosea. iv. 17.
(4.) They have the privilege of hearing their prayers, I John v. 14, 15. But if we would have the privilege, to have our prayers heard, and made out to us, then we must pray in faith, by the help of his holy spirit, for things agreeable to his will: for, alas! there are many of us, though we may have the words of prayer, and the gift of prayer, yet nothing of the Spirit is in them all, and so we cannot expect to be heard of him.
(5) They have the privilege of a right and title to the kingdom of heaven, and is not that a noble privilege which they have? For through Christ being interested in the covenant, they are children, they are heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ, Rom. viii. 17.
4. The church is wonderful in respect of her laws, which are all holy just, and good, and easy to be borne and obeyed; and in respect of her doctrine, which is pure and free from corruption. It is one of the things which makes this woman (to wit the church) wonderful, that the hath upon her head a crown of twelve stars; whereby is meant, faithful ministers, holding and maintaining the true and pure doctrine of Christ.
Doct. 3. That these who are the true members of the church, they are not naked, but clothed with the Sun, which is the Righteousness of Christ.
The women is said to be clothed with the Sun. And this clothing where with believers are clothed is,
1. A glorious clothing; no covering is like it. Our first parents after they fell, when they saw their nakedness, they sewed fig leaves to cover the same; this was not sufficient, and so the Lord made them coats of skins; but this clothing is more glorious and excellent than any of the these.
2. This clothing is strong, the righteousness of Christ is impregnable against all assaults made against the same; sin, Hell, wrath, yea, the justice of God cannot pierce it, it is proof against the same.
3. It is a costly clothing; it was purchased not by corruptible things, as gold and silver, etc. but by the blood of Christ. O! it cost him his precious blood, and that should endear it to us; before it was purchased, it behoved him to leave heaven, and come to the earth, to lie three quarters of a year in a virgin’s belly, to live in the world, and to die a painful and cursed death, and all to purchase this clothing to poor sinners. O! should not this make us to wonder, and to look upon it as a costly covering!
4. Albeit this be a costly clothing, yea such a clothing as angel, and men, set them altogether, could not weave or work the like; yet it is cheap and easy to be obtained; for, give but our hearty consent to have it, and it is your own, Ho! every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters; come, buy wine and milk, without money and without price, Isa. lv.1. O! is not this a cheap clothing: Take and receive it, and it is your own; open the doors of your hearts open the two leaves thereof, to wit, the assent of your judgment and understanding, and the consent of your will, and the king of glory will come in and dwell with you, Psal. xxiv. 7.
5. This clothing is an everlasting clothing; it is so durable that neither time nor eternity will wear it out, or make it old. It is the fine white linen, the righteousness of the saints; these long robes which they always wear.
Next we shall thew you some things that are requisite, in order to a being clothed with the Sun, the righteousness of Christ; all have not this clothing, they are but few. And,
1. These who would be clothed with the righteousness of Christ, they must be sensible of, and see their own nakedness; for otherwise they will never seek a clothing to cover the same; all, by nature, being blind: O labour for the sight and sense of this! that so ye may seek a covering, and ye will not get such a covering any where else as this.
2. These who would be clothed with this righteousness. albeit they see their own nakedness, yet they must not make a coat of their own working and sewing, as our first parents did, of fig leaves; for, it is not sufficient to cover you from wrath, and the justice of God. O! guard against this deceit, of going about to establish your own righteousness, which by nature we are all prone to; for all you can do in this, will prove but as rotten rags, and filthy garments; yea, as a spider’s web, which is easy broken: But get on this clothing of the Sun, the Righteousness of Christ on you, and it will not only be a glorious, but a durable and strong clothing, proof against every thing that may assault it.
3. They must see their own unworthiness, how unworthy they are of such a clothing. O! a soul that gets a right sight of itself, how vile and sinful it is. Of Christ, how glorious and excellent he is, it will make them look upon themselves as base and unworthy to have such a clothing as his unspotted righteousness is; it will humble them in their own sight.
4. These who would be clothed with Christ’s righteousness, they must actually put on this glorious clothing, Rom. xiii. 14. Otherwise it shall never be theirs. You must take and receive Christ as your own, and embrace him, yea, enter into a formal covenant with him, 2 Sam. xxiii. 5.
5. If ye would put on the Lord Jesus Christ, receive and embrace him: Then ye must do it.
(1.). Wholly; you must receive and embrace whole Christ, as prophet, priest, and king: He cannot be divided: Many would take him as a priest, to save them from their sins, but they cannot endure to receive him as a prophet, to teach and lead them aright in his way, and as a king to reign in, and over them, and to be subject to his laws; this crosses too much their nature, therefore they spurn against it. But, O! he must be embraced wholly, or not at all.
(2.) He must be embraced only; he must be your alone Saviour, without any competitor: ye must not think to divide your salvation betwixt him and other saviours, so as he may do a part of it, and ye another yourself: No; ye must not do that, ye must quit your own righteousness, and ye must take him as your alone and only Redeemer, whose righteousness only (without your own, or any other’s) is sufficient.
(3) He must be closed with, willingly; the consent of the will, as well as the assent of the mind must be in it: It can. not be done hankeringly, but cheerfully and pleasantly.
(4.) It must be done knowingly.
(5.) It must be done with deliberation; not rashly in a fit, or when a flash is upon you, but deliberately: for, when the soul is about to close with Christ, it hath many wooers to divert it, and seeking its ruin; and so it sits down to deliberate which of them to make choice of. It is like a woman who hath many suitors; it hath the devil, the world, its ill heart, and corruption within, all in suit of it; and this hinders it, until Christ, by his strong power, rightly determine it to make choice of himself.
(6.) It must be done seriously; it being the most serious business that is gone about; and the soul that is more serious about other things than ever it was about this grand business, may suspect it is yet in the gall of bitterness, and the bond of iniquity.
It may be here asked, How shall one know whether they have put on the Lord Jesus, and are clothed with the clothing or not?
Answer 1. These who are clothed with the Righteousness of Christ, they are advancing in the work of mortification: these who have put on the Lord Jesus, make no provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof, Rom. xiii. 14. For when they do embrace Christ for justification, they close with him also for sanctification; as it is their great desire to be justified by his righteousness, so also to be sanctified by his Spirit, that the strong holds of sin may be brought down, and spiritual wickedness that are in the high places of their souls mortified; that so they may perfect holiness, in the fear of the Lord.
Answer 2. They who are clothed with Christ’s righteousness, they give their consent to the terms of the covenant, held out to sinners therein: they embrace him, as he offers himself in the gospel, to be their prophet, priest, and king: They close with a whole Christ, with a broken heart; and with a broken Christ, with a broken heart. As Christ in the covenant makes an assignation to them of himself, of his grace and glory, yea, of all the benefits and privileges of the covenant, so they make a resignation of themselves, and all that they have to him: They give away themselves to him, to be his, and for him,
Answer 3. They like the way to salvation and happiness, as well as happiness itself: As they desire heaven, so they are well-pleased with the way to it, which is the way of holiness; and in it they desire to walk. I doubt not but all of you would desire heaven; but many of you are not pleased with the way to it; ye think it too strait and narrow; but if ever you expect to come there, ye must be pleased with the way to it. The profanest man in all the country will desire heaven and happiness, but he cannot abide the way to it. Balaam desired to die the death of the righteous, and his last end to be like his, Numb. xxiii. 10. but he had no will to live the life of the righteous.
Answer 4. These clothed with this glorious garment, the righteousness of Christ, they have the word of God dwelling in them, Col. iii. 16. It is a guide to them, teaching them how to walk: It is a lanthorn (lantern) before them, letting them see their way; but, if they have not the Spirit of God to be as eyes to them, whereby they may see it, and the way where to walk, they will not be the better of it. They are like a blind man, although he have a lanthorn before him, it is of no use to him, because he wants eyes to see it with. These who have the word abiding in them, it will be their prayer, that their eyes may be opened, that they may behold wonderful things out of his laws; Psal. cxix. 18. And that they may be quickened according to his word, Psal. cxix. 25. They desire the light of manifestation only, in and by the light of revelation.
Answer 5. These clothed with the righteousness of Christ. They have his Spirit dwelling in them, Rom. viii. 9. And where the Spirit is,
(1.) It convinceth of sin; opening the soul’s eyes to see sin’s hatefulness. It makes the soul hate sin, mourn for it, and forsake it.
(2.) It quickens to all duties; makes it lively in its motion toward Christ.
(3.) Where the spirit is, it is predominating and prevailing; it will not be an underling, but carry on its work until the same be perfected.
(4) It is a spirit of grace and supplication, Zech. xii. 10. It helps to pray, without which no prayers are acceptable before God.
Use 1. Of examination. O! examine yourselves; try whether ye be clothed with this glorious garment or not: See whether ye have put on the Lord Jesus or not. O! sad is, and will be, your condition, if ye have not on this glorious garment, the Righteousness of Christ. If ye have it not on yet, rest not till ye have it put on, and can say upon good ground, I am my Beloved’s, and he is mine.
Use 2. Of exhortation. O! be intreated to close with, and embrace Christ, as he offers himself to you this night. O! put on the Lord Jesus; get on this glorious garment the Sun, the Righteousness of Christ, on you, and it shall be a proof against sin, the devil, Hell, wrath, and the justice of God.
Doct. 4. They who have on this glorious clothing of the Sun, the Righteousness of Christ, on them, they win above the world; the moon is beneath their feet, as it is in the text; the woman clothed with the sun, hath the moon under her feet.
It may be enquired, what of the world do believers win above, and get under their feet!
Answer. 1. They win above the honour of the world, which is the thing (many one to purchase) has sold their part of salvation, and heaven; and when they have gotten it, it is a poor empty thing which soon vanisheth. But the believer, through grace, gets this under his feet, he is more nobly-minded, than to be taken up about this; he sees it to be but vanity; and therefore he tramples upon it, that he may lay hold upon that which is abiding. And,
2. He wins above the applause of the world; which, alas! is the thing that many are only seeking; and, O! what great pains will they be at to get it; and when obtained, it is but airy and soon gone: Many ministers will be at great pains in preaching, and learned men in writing will stretch their wits, and all to seek applause; yea, it is the thing that many professors and sufferers are seeking, but the believer, through grace wins above this. And,
3. He wins through grace above the profits of the world, and tramples it under his feet; being more heavenly-minded, than to be taken up about that which is so fading. Love to have, and keep the riches of the world, hath been the great cause why many in this day, have complied with enemies, so as to hear the curates, pay wicked impositions, take sinful oaths, and bonds, repugnant to the oath of our covenants; yea, the smoothest of them, the oath of abjuration, hath many evils in it. I do not deny, but some believers, in this day of temptation and trial, the world hath win so far above them, as to cause them go on in some of these dreadful courses; but they must repent for the same, either explicitely or implicitely. If they get a sight of them in their sinfulness, then they will repent and mourn for the same explicitely; but if they never get a sight of them, yet they will repent for them implicitely among their other secret sins, which will be pardoned: David prayed to be cleansed from secret faults, Psal. xix. 12:
4. He wins through grace, above the pleasures of the world, which are so ensnaring to many. O! these ye must get under your feet, if ye would be clothed with the Sun, the glorious clothing of Christ’s Righteousness. Hear what Christ says to his spouse, Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions dens, and the mountains of the leopards, Cant iv. 8. Come and leave the pleasures of the world; be more spiritually-minded, than to be entangled with them; get them beneath your feet, come with Christ from Lebanon, &c. That is, leave the world tho’ as pleasant as Lebanon. Close with Christ, and ye shall get his company.
And to press you to this great duty of getting the moon under your feet, the world, and the honour, applause, profits, and pleasures thereof, under your feet: I will make use of some arguments.
Argument 1. The world, profits, and pleasures thereof, are but dens of lions, and mountains of leopards. Dens for wicked and profane men, of ravenous and bloody natures; and so it is not for saints to rest and lie down with such. O! Believers should be of a more noble spirit than to wallow in the mire with such swine. Christ invites his people to come will him from Lebanon, and to look from the top of Amana, which were pleasant and delightsome places; whereby he would have her to understand, that she should leave the world, tho’ pleasant as Lebanon, or Amana, etc.. And to persuade to this, though they were pleasant, yet they were dens of lions, and mountains of leopards; and so not to be stayed in.
Argument 2. Let this move you to labour to get the moon, the world, under your feet: Though you could win to get all the pleasures and profits thereof, yet the enjoyment of them all could not satisfy you; for the soul is such a thing which nothing can satisfy but Christ. One says the heart of man is three-nooked, and the world round, and so the world can never fill it; there is ay some wants: Let a man have never so much of the world, it cannot satisfy him; he would still have more. Although Pompey had the empire of the east, and Caesar that of the west, yet neither of them could be satisfied with what they had, but fought one against another for the government of the whole. Alexander the Great, although he had much, yet he desired more. And Solomon the wisest, and richest of kings, he could find no satisfaction in all that he had in the world, but writes this motto upon them all, vanity of vanities, all is vanity.
Argument 3. Let this move you to trample the world, and all the pleasures and profits thereof under your feet, that ye will soon leave them: Death is approaching which will part you and them; and therefore set not your hearts on them, but look upon yourselves as pilgrims and strangers, as all your fathers were,
Argument 4. Let this persuade you to it, that it is the command of Christ that ye should do it; and, O let this have weight with you to trample the world under your feet, and be more heavenly-minded! He invites and intreats you to come with him from Lebanon, from the pleasures of the world: and to press you to this, he promises you his company, Come with me, etc. and, O! is not this desirable!
Doct. 5. That a faithful ministry is the great glory of a church.
A part of the woman’s glory, described in the text, is, that she had upon her head a crown of twelve stars; that is, faithful ministers are called stars in Scripture; holding the doctrine of the twelve apostles, they are her crown.
It may be enquired here, who are these ministers whom we should own, honour and respect, as faithful ministers of Christ, and whom we should look upon as our crown and glory?
Answer 1. This is to be understood, all them whom we are to hear and respect, must be lawfully ordained ministers, in Christ’s orderly and appointed way; unless they be sent, we cannot hear them preach. But,
(1.) These whom we should honour and respect as Christ’s ambassadors, they must be such, who hold fast the form of sound words, 2 Tim. i. 13. They must not only hold fast, and be found in the fundamental truths of the gospel, but in the words of Christ’s patience, and the testimony he gives his church to contend for,
(2.) We should own and respect these who can say, with Paul, they are pure from the blood of all men, for they have not shunned to declare unto the people, all the counsel of God, Acts XX, 26, 27. and have kept nothing back that was profitable for them; but declared unto them the sins and snares, duties, and dangers of the day.
3. We should own, honour, and respect such, who preach the word, and are instant in season, and out of season, 2 Tim. iv. 2. not forsaking their duty, when the generality thinks it unseasonable, but preaching out of season, to wit, the time the world thinks so, as well as in it.
Use. Now this may serve to let us see,
1. The blessed and happy state of the church, which hath faithful ministers: O! they are adorned with a noble crown and with great glory.
2. It may let us also see the sad state of that church and people, who are plagued with unfaithful ministers: O! they want this crown: And, alas! unfaithful ministers are a great part of our misery in this land: We may say the crown is fallen from our heads, woe unto us that we have sinned, Lam. v. 16. Many of our ministers are guilty of gross steps of defections, some in complying with enemies; others in lying by from their duty; and now; alas! the generality of them are guilty of embracing and accepting of this anti-christian toleration, flowing from the fountain of absolute power, arrogated by the present dominator; a power, above all laws, both divine and human. Absolute power is that which none can claim to but God, who is infinite, and whose will is a law. But yet the present tyrant claims this, and requires all to obey it, without reserve of religion, conscience, credit, or honour; but all are to be mancipate and enslaved to it: O! if we had the zeal of Christians, or the courage of men, we would disdain to be home-born slaves; yet this is the fountain from which this liberty comes. The channel through which it runs, is the suspending of our penal laws against idolaters, the taking away the legal bulwark, whereby our religion is secured: And the greatest liberty granted by this toleration, is only to Quakers, the greatest of hereticks on the right hand; and to Papists, the greatest on the left hand; to them it is free and unlimited. But that which is granted to Presbyterians, is clogged and bounded; for ministers are restricted in their doctrine, that they may preach nothing that may any way tend to alienate the hearts of the people from him who grants it, or his government; hereby they are bound up from preaching against the sins and spares of the time; for that will be by court expositors interpreted, an alienating of people’s hearts from the government. And these who do accept of the toleration, they change the holding of their ministry, which they had from Christ, and do depend upon the courts of men: For, by the proclamation, though a minister be never so well-qualified, yet he cannot exercise his office, in any place, except he give up his name to some of the counsellors, or sheriffs, and they to be pleased with him; and, as to the designs of granting it, they are very sad and dreadful; some whereof are declared in the proclamation, others may be guessed at. That which is declared in the proclamation is, that thereby all the hearts of his subjects may be united unto him in loyalty, and to their neighbours in love. Now, what is this loyalty, he would have them unite in, but a stupid subjection to his absolute power, which he hath arrogated. It is not a Christian loyalty for conscience sake, nor a Presbyterian loyalty according to our covenants, national and solemn league. And who are these neighbours he would have us unite with, but Papists, with whom we should have an irreconcilable war? And as to the ends guessed at, are they not there, that hereby he may get his absolute power by him arrogate and obeyed; and that he may get popery and idolatry into the land again. And with this portion of liberty he may stop the mouths of Protestants, while he is filling the places of power and trust with papists, that so he may get popery brought in the more easily.
Now, my friends, as ye would desire to be free of the many sins and evils that are wrapt up in this toleration, and of the wrath and judgment wherewith it will be pursued; and as ye would not cooperate with the wicked design of the granter, nor have your souls subverted from the words of knowledge, ye would not concur, nor have any thing ado with this toleration, nor countenance these ministers who have embraced and accepted the same.
Let us pray.