Rule of Scripture

The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
~ 2 Samuel 23:2

Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
~ Romans 3:2

Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
~ Matthew 21:42

If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
~ John 10:35

O thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of the LORD straitened? are these his doings? do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?
~ Micah 2:7

But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,
~ 2 Timothy 3:10

For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:
~ Proverbs 6:23

Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.
~ Deuteronomy 4:36

Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
~ Nehemiah 9:20

BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word.
~ Psalm 119:9

Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
~ Matthew 13:52

Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
~ John 5:39

Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
~ Hebrews 10:7

Of the Scriptures as our Rule, by John Flavel. The following contains an excerpt from his work, “An Exposition of the Assembly’s Shorter Catechism”.

Quest. 2. What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?
A. The word of God, which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and new Testament, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him. Q. 1. How can the Scriptures be called the word of God, seeing the things contained there were spoken and written by men?
A. They are truly and properly called the word of God, because they came not by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, 2 Pet. 1:21.

Q. 2. What are the principal arguments to persuade us that the scriptures are of Divine authority and inspiration?
A. Three things especially convince us: First, The holiness of the doctrine therein contained. Secondly, The awful efficacy thereof on the soul. Thirdly, The uncontrollable miracles by which they are sealed, put it beyond all rational doubt that they are the very words of God.

Q. 3. What is the holiness of the scriptures; and how doth that prove them to be God’s word?.
A. The holiness of the scriptures doth appear in two things: First, In commanding and encouraging whatsoever is pure, and holy; Phil. 4:8. Whatsoever things are pure. Secondly, In forbidding all unholiness, under pain of damnation; 2 Cor. 6:9. Know ye not, that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God, &c. This shews that they came not from Satan, being cross to his design; nor from man, it being against his corrupt nature; and therefore from God only.

Q. 4. What is their authority and efficacy on the soul? and how doth that prove them divine?
A. Their authority, and efficacy on the soul, consists in three things: First, In the power they have to search and discover the secrets of men; Heb. 12:4. The word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow; and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Secondly, In their converting efficacy, changing and renewing the soul; Psalm 19:7. The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul. Thirdly, In their cheering and restoring efficacy, when the soul is cast down under any inward or outward trouble; Psal. 19:8. The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart. No human power can do such things as these; John 17:17. Sanctify them through thy truth; thy word is truth.

Q. 5. How do miracles confirm it?
A. Because all proper miracles are wrought only by the hand of God: John 3:2. And no man can do these miracles that thou dost, except God be with him: and so are his seal to whatsoever he affixes them, and it consists not with his truth, and holiness to set it to a forgery.

Q. 6. What was the end of writing the word?
A. That the church to the end of the world might have a sure, known, standing-rule, to try and judge all things by, and not be left to the uncertainty of traditions; John 5:39. Search the scriptures, for in them ye think ye have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me.

Q. 7. Doth not the authority of the scriptures depend on the church, fathers, and councils?
A. No, the scriptures are not built on the authority of the church, but the church on them; Eph. 2:20. And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone. And as for councils and fathers, the scriptures are not to be tried by them; but they by the scriptures; Isa. 8:20. To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

Q. 8. What may be fairly inferred from this proposition, that the scriptures are the word of God?
A. Three things may be hence inferred. First, The perfection of the scriptures, which being the only rule given by God, must therefore be perfect. Secondly, That it is the right of common people to read them; John 5:39. Search the scriptures, Acts 17:11. These were more noble than those of Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. Thirdly, That we owe no obedience to the injunctions of men farther than they are sufficiently warranted by the written word; Matth. 15:9. But in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.